HMS Defence

Minotaur 1st Class Armoured Cruisers

History
One of the last British armoured cruisers, which were also the largest. The secondary armaments were once again turreted, but the armour protection was deficient.

First assigned to the Home Fleet and then to the China Station 1912. In 1913 she became the flagship of First Cruiser Squadron in the Mediterranean. After duty at the Dardanelles, she was sent to the South Atlantic in September 1914 to join Cradock's squadron. However she was later ordered to join Rear Admiral Stoddart's squadron on the east coast of South America (before she managed to join with Cradock), a decision of which Cradock was unaware.

Recalled to home waters, she became the flagship of Rear Admiral Sir Arbuthnot's First Cruiser Squadron. At the Battle of Jutland in 1916 she led her squadron ahead of the battle fleet when she became engaged with the light scouting forces of the German High Seas Fleet. She damaged and brought to a stop SMS Wiesbaden but as she closed to finish off the crippled cruiser, she came within the range of the German battle fleet. Smothered in fire from the battle cruiser SMS Derfflinger and four battleships, and her forward magazine exploded, flashing along the passageways and setting off the others. There were no survivors.

HMS Defence

Builder
Laid
Launched
Commissioned
Captain at Coronel

Pembrooke Dockyard
22 February 1905
24 April 1907
9 February 1909
Captain F. Wray

Specifications
 
Dimensions
Length (O/A)
Length (W/L)
Beam
Draft

Displacement
Full Load
Standard

Propulsion
Boilers
Turbines
Endurance
Horsepower
Shafts
Max Speed
Coal Bunkerage


Protection
Waterline Side Belt
Deck Armour
Bulkheads
Turrets
Barbettes
Control Tower

Armament
Main Gun
Secondary Gun
Smaller Weapons

Torpedoes

Complement
Usual
Wartime

158.19 mtr
149.35 mtr
22.99 mtr
7.98 mtr


14,800 tons
-


31 x boilers (various companies)
2 x 4 Cylinder vertical triple expansion
5,800 NM @ 14 Knots
27,900 - 28,600 ihp
2
23 Knots
950 - 2,250 tons coal
400 tons oil


76.2 - 152 mm
25.4 - 38.1 mm
-
114.3 - 203.2 mm
76.2 - 152 mm
76.2 - 304.8 mm


4 x 23.4 cm
10 x 19 cm
16 x 12 pounder
5 x Vickers 1.5 pounder pompom (AA added later)
5 x 45.7 cm (submerged), later reduced to 2


755 - 850
-

 

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